Epileptic Seizures are also referred to as Brain Seizures or a fit and all these terms refer to the same problem in the brain’s functioning, i.e. abnormal neuron-related activity in the brain. Epilepsy actually refers to the state of the nervous system being increasingly prone to have repeated seizures. To understand a Epileptic Seizures/Brain Seizures, it is important to have a basic understanding of how the brain functions. Neurons are the basic cells that define the working of the brain. These can also be called brain cells. Neurons continuously communicate with other nerves in the body and among themselves via a series of electrical signals. These are electrical pulses of very low strength. If there is any kind of abnormality in this neuronal electrical activity-a Brain Seizure is most likely to happen.

Understanding Epileptic Seizures
There are different kinds of brain seizure, each different from each other since each seizure affects a different part of the brain. It is an established fact that symptoms of most brain seizures depend on the lobe of the brain that is affected. Many times, the seizures are not felt or the symptoms aren’t easily visible. The variation in brain seizure symptoms is so acute that the symptoms can be barely noticeable or lead to the affected individual falling, fainting and losing consciousness. Most seizures are likely to happen due to excessive neuronal activity within the brain but there are no rules to define how a seizure might shape-up. Some of the commonest symptoms of epileptic seizures include loss of control over voluntary muscles, cramping and violent twitching of the muscles and loss of consciousness for a brief period. Some patients exhibit epileptic seizure symptoms as extreme as having wild, uncontrollable movements wherein they seem to be thrashing with their arms and legs while sometimes the seizure might lead to just a few minutes of losing awareness about one’s surroundings. The more graphic of epileptic seizure symptoms include convulsions while some silent, chronic symptoms that surface over a longer period include psychic problems.

Epilepsy seizures or brain seizures can either be a cause for neurological problems or they can be the result of existing neurological disorders. For instance, Alzheimer’s disease is known to raise the chances of the affected individual suffering from epilepsy since this condition impairs the overall working of the brain. Commonly, brain seizures are grouped under the broad classification of being either:

  • Motor
  • Sensory
  • Autonomic
  • Emotional
  • Cognitive

Please not that not every individual who has suffered a couple of seizures or a few seizures in the recent past is epileptic, i.e. Epilepsy is established when the seizures occur with disturbing regularity. Some brain seizures last only for a few seconds while some continue for several minutes and sometimes, ‘status epilepticus’ surfaces where the patient suffers a continuous series of seizures that can prove fatal if urgent medical care is not provided. A seizure itself has a few phases that are rather hard-to-identify. Seizures usually have an active portion during which the symptoms such as loss of consciousness or loss of muscle control are highly visible which is followed by a short period of postictal wherein the intensity of the symptoms nosedives and the patient returns towards gaining the normal degree of consciousness. Once Epileptic Seizures are established as the diagnosis, most neurologists also start to keep a tab on the awareness, sensation and behavioral levels of the patient. This is because repeated seizures raise the risk of permanently affecting the neurological pathway, inducing long-term neurological problems.