Neurological problems are among the most difficult to diagnose since they don’t present a defined a pathology. Such health problems are caused due to disturbances in the nervous systems of the individual and are found across a wide age-group, including children as young as three years old and the elderly, i.e. people above the age of 60. The cause of neurological symptoms can be very diverse since the nervous system itself is rather complicated. Neurological symptoms can arise due to neural problems in the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system or the autonomic nervous system. Further, there are very few tests that can correctly indicate the onset of Neurological disorders. Again, there are very few medications in the over-the-counter format that can prevent a sudden flare-up of a neurological symptom. Thus, having a basic understanding of the signs of neurological problems or Neurological Symptoms is rather vital to ensure a timely medical intervention.
Understanding Neurological Symptoms
Common Neurological Symptoms that are often suggestive of the beginning of a Neurological problem include a feeling of numbness or burning sensation along the skin. Variations in this niche include a feeling of prickliness along with extended muscle weakness or a paralysis-like episode wherein one part of the body seems to have lost its mobility for hours. Loss of sensation in any part of the body should be considered serious and immediately reported to a healthcare practitioner. The most common types of neurological symptoms include:
- Fainting or feeling of malaise that lasts throughout the day
- Extended phases of lethargy and feeling of drowsiness
- Involuntary muscle contractions (anywhere in the body)
- Weakness of muscles, inability to execute simple bodily actions
- Hypersensitivity to external stimuli like sunlight or pollutants
- Gastrointestinal symptoms, including constipation and diarrhea
- Difficulty in chewing
- Loss of bladder control
- Loss of bowel control
- Nausea and vomiting
Symptoms can also arise in the form of conditions that are actually manifestations of a deep-seated neurological problem. For instance, carpal tunnel syndrome or extended pain the wrists is often a direct result of a compressed nerve which disrupts the flow of blood. However, this condition often takes a more graphic form when the individual is suffering from anxiety. In such cases, the pain seems to radiate along the entire arm, far from its point of origin suggesting that the entire arm is afflicted by the compressed nerve.
Many times, Neurological symptoms are caused by neuropathies, i.e. diseases that affect the nerves. Here, neurological symptoms arise as secondary conditions, i.e. they tend to accompany other symptoms or are precipitated by an underlying disease or disorder. A primary example of this is Diabetes which is known to cause extensive nerve damage due to high blood sugar levels. Neurological damage here includes loss of sensation in the foot. Other Neurological symptoms include those arising from autoimmune diseases. This includes disorders like Lupus and Guillain-Barré Syndrome that are known to cause extensive damage to the nerves.
Neurological Symptoms can take a life-threatening form when they begin to interrupt basic, involuntary actions like swallowing food or breathing. In such cases, a neurological symptom might surface as an acute condition or like a neurological attack (like seizure) that can be fatal. In such cases, it is vital to seek emergency medical care rather than try to revive or self-mediate the patient.