A Neurological Test is also called a Neurological Examination. A Neurological Examination assesses:

  • Motor skills
  • Sensory skills
  • Functioning of cranial nerves
  • Hearing
  • Speech
  • Vision
  • Coordination & balance
  • Mental acuity
  • Changes in mood

Neurological Testing apparatus includes:

  • Tuning fork
  • Flashlight
  • Reflex hammer
  • Ophthalmoscope
  • Needles

A Neurological Test is recommended by a neurosurgeon or a specialist in neurosciences if a neuropathy or a neurological disease is indicated. Most of the packaged Neurological Tests include collecting the following information and assessing:

  • Medical history of patient that seek information about neurological symptoms and related, physical or mental health issues
  • Evaluation of various neurological functions such as speaking clearly, pronouncing properly, moving limbs properly and the ability to maintain proper gait
  • Diagnostic tests including scans and imaging tests
  • Blood tests

Before planning to go for a Neurological Test, the patient should be a bit aware about how to go about the entire testing procedure. Firstly, it is impervious that the test is scheduled in accordance with the symptoms of the patients. However, most people cannot relate the various types of Neurological Test with the vast range of neurological conditions. Thus, questioning the relevancy of a recommended Neurological Test with the consulting health specialist is vital. The patient should have a basic understanding of what each test represents. The physician is most likely to ask for a detailed description of the symptoms. When doing so, the patient should include every little detail that might impact the diagnosis. The most common of neurological symptoms such as numbness, tingling or weakness in the limbs are rather difficult to describe since these symptoms don’t put forth a very precise presentation. Thus, it is the duty of the patient to help the physician in better understanding the symptoms and recommending the appropriate Neurological Tests. The smallest of details like feeling of being tired or nauseated too can impact the kind of tests being ordered. Seemingly unrelated questions such as those about sexual performance and bladder control and the types of medications being used or used in the recent past can also impact the diagnostic evaluation.

Many times, neuro-specialists tend to send patients, complaining of neurological symptoms, for repeated physical exams that test for acuity of vibratory sensation. These tests are aimed at testing any loss in sensation. These are often referred to as ‘vibratory sensation’ tests. These tests are repeatedly prescribed since getting accurate results from these tests is a bit difficult. In such tests, the clinical personnel lay special emphasis on observing the reflexes and jerks. Again, questioning the patient about sensations for creating clinical conclusions can be very demanding. This is largely based upon how alert and cooperative the patient can be, easing the entire evaluation process.

Neurological Evaluation most consists of painless tests. However, some of the tests that are aimed at testing the muscle strength can be a bit uncomforting. Electro-diagnostic Testing is aimed at measuring the electrical activity among the muscles and nerves. This is vital since the entire neurologic functionality is based on the precision and intensity of these electrical impulses that are created in the human body, i.e. among the neurons. The more comprehensive neurological evaluations include tests like:

  • Spinal tapping
  • Nerve biopsy
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Many of the neuropathies are hereditary in nature. Thus, the attending clinician is likely to repeatedly confirm about any family history of the symptoms. Genetic testing is rare in the niche of neurological testing but it is recommended if a family pattern or hereditary traits pointing towards progression of neurological problems in the family are traced. Genetic testing is usually recommended when neurological disorders are induced due to structural problems in the nervous system like spina bifida. Genetic testing done as a part of neurological testing includes:

  • Amniocentesis
  • Chorionic villus sampling
  • Uterine ultrasound