Neurological Disorders refer to a single or a set of symptoms that arise due to any abnormal activity in the nervous system arising from physical, biochemical or internal reasons in an individual. It has been seen that Neurological Disorders often arise due to a severe injury to the spinal cord. These are injuries wherein a high impact force injures a certain segment of the spinal cord. As a result, the electrical impulses or the biochemical exchange between the neurons is impaired or the neural pathway comprising of a network of neurons is physically affected. The most common kind of spinal cord injury or SCI that causes such Neurological Disorders is automobile accidents that tend to induce high-impact trauma. It is notable that the incidence of Neurological Disorders arising from spinal cord injuries is more common than disorders arising from spinal cord diseases.
The kind of Neurological Disorders that arise due to spinal cord injuries depends upon the point of impact. For instance, more serious disorders can arise if the impact is on the nerve roots. It should be noted that among such cases, repairing the nerve roots is almost impossible. Even through surgical intervention, comprehensively correcting the affected neuro pathway is a very demanding task and in most cases, the success rate is rather low. The resulting symptoms due to such injuries can include everything from incontinence, trembling in the legs and incontinence apart from partial or total paralysis. In cases of light impact spinal injuries, the resulting symptoms might include only pain or inflammation along with some degree of numbness. However, even such symptoms cannot be ignored since they can quickly mature into something more serious such as paralytic stroke.
SCI or Spinal Cord Injuries are further divided as being incomplete or complete and these classifications are based on the kind of effect they have on the patient. Understandably, the chances of neurological disorders arising from SCI are more in complete SCIs. The most common types of spinal cord injuries that are known to induce major trauma on the neurological pathway include motor vehicle accidents apart from falls from a considerable height. Other typical SCIs that are known to cause neurological disorders include high-impact sports injuries such as those seen in full contact sports.
Treatment of spinal cord injuries starts with restraining the spine and controlling inflammation to prevent further damage. The actual treatment can vary widely depending on the location and extent of the injury. In many cases, spinal cord injuries require substantial physical therapy and rehabilitation, especially if the patient’s injury interferes with activities of daily life.
Considering the risk of neurological disorders being caused due to spinal cord injuries, most healthcare practitioners believe that all patients who have recently suffered a physical injury involving the spinal cord or the brain should be subject to repeated mental acuity tests. This is apart from the usual diagnostic tests that include blood tests, x-rays and Computed Tomography Scan (or CAT scans) apart from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
The complex structure of the spinal cord means that injuries to the spinal column are rather complex, often traumatic and can easily lead to compression or dislocation of the vertebrae that can further lead to loss of neural functions or initiate neurological problems. Spinal cord injuries are more likely to induce neurological disorders since the spinal column is prone to be being bent, dislocated, rotated beyond its normal axis or hyper-flexed and each of these are potential causes of initiating neurological disorders.